Global Climate change and its effects

Indu Nashier Gahlawat, Poonam Lakra

Abstract


An increase in the average global temperature and an overall change in the climate is referred to as Global Warming. Natural processes and anthropogenic activities are the main contributors to such an increase in the world’s average temperature.0ver the years, scientists and environmentalists have achieved a common consensus that the global warming scenario is being aggravated by the Green House Gases (released during the combustion of fossil fuels, which in turn causes pollution as well). These Green House Gases have given rise to an increased rate of global warming. This wouldn’t have been the case if fossil fuels were not used. Scientists have come to another conclusion that the effects of global warming will be very long lasting and that they will not only affect the climate conditions but also will lead to erratic temperature changes, increase in the losses due to floods and storms, melting of ice caps, rising sea levels, damage to the biodiversity, increased mortality and frequent outbreak of diseases. Climatic change is the most dangerous environmental issue faced by the world today. It is one of the biggest challenges that the world is currently struggling to fight in the best way possible. The effect of global warming is prevalent in every part of the globe, affecting all types of societies, cultures, and geographies. This paper is aimed to review the climate changes and their impacts and implications on the world. Some of the possible remedies to minimize the further impact of global warming have been investigated and suggested.

Keywords


Climate; Global warming; Green House impact; ozone; depletion; environment

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